Virgin first time posting

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How do young people interpret virginity loss, and does saving sex for marriage have any socially constructed benefit for marriage? This study answers this question using data obtained from a peer-led Facebook group with more thanparticipants, mostly in African countries, particularly Nigeria. A reflexive thematic analysis was used to analyze public wall posts and comments posted on the group between June and May Four distinctive interpretations of virginity loss comprising the gift, precondition, stigma, and process emerged from the data.

The wall posts and comments further suggest that saving sex for marriage may have some culturally sensitive benefits, including trust, and marital sexual satisfaction.

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Altogether the findings expand the current understanding of the diverse perceived benefits of virginity that move beyond honour and respect to Virgin first time posting complex benefits like trust in a union, sexual satisfaction and ultimate satisfaction in marriage. Nothing gives you honour and respect like when you keep yourself till after your wedding-Comment from a group member. Premarital sexual activity among adolescents and young African adults is generating intense discussion in sexuality research primarily because of the risks of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmittable infections in this population group Biddlecom et al.

Throughout Africa, there are various reports on the effectiveness of sexuality education on improving sexual behaviours and treatment-seeking behaviours of young adults Fawole et al. However, many sexuality education across African countries solely promotes sexual abstinence until marriage as a strategy for the prevention of sexually transmittable infections, while other means of safe sex practices such as condom use and non-penetrative sex are often ignored and excluded in sexuality education as a result of religious and social norms Chirawu et al.

Nonetheless, unprotected sexual activity is never safe, whether before, during, or outside of marriage. As a result, sexual abstinence until marriage cannot adequately protect women in settings where socio-cultural norms, as observed in many African countries, propagate unbalanced sexual relationships that disadvantage women and expose them to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV and unplanned pregnancies Ajuwon et al. More importantly, the continuous emphasis on sexual abstinence until marriage means that young people have to wait until marriage, not when they want or feel empowered to have safe, healthy and satisfying sexual relations Berer, Research on public attitudes towards premarital sexual abstinence shows that it has varied meanings across African cultures Bhana, ; Cinthio, ; Mehrolhassani et al.

Virgin first time posting

In many African countries, virginity is symbolic of pride, dignity, and respect despite being heavily disputed since emphasizing virginity is likely to promote and sustain stereotypical constructs of virginity. Many cultural norms that encourage virginity also motivate girls to be desired and pursued if they are virgins Bhana, The importance of virginity and chastity are also promoted through several national, cultural and religious programmes—an activity that could pose severe consequences than good for young girls and women if untamed.

Simultaneously, the value of virginity and the existing discourse around it could have additional unintended consequences for the same people they intend to protect. High rates of early marriage in some countries have been attributed to early traditional norms that discourage premarital sexual activity Nour, More importantly, the consistent use of hymeneal blood or other means of virginity testing may put women at risk of adverse experiences despite ample proof that it has no scientific validity WHO, The continuous emphasis on premarital sexual abstinence in African countries necessitates further studies to illuminate how underlying social norms crystalize female virginity and the pathways through which saving sex for marriage is perceived to be beneficial for marriage.

Virgin first time posting

Despite this reality, very few scholarships in African countries have examined the conceptualizations of virginity and its culturally implied benefits for marriage. This study examines the representations of virginity and its perceived benefits for marriage. Several relevant studies in sub-Saharan Africa and globally have examined the motivations for premarital sexual abstinence among young adults Abboud et al. Adolescents boys in rural Nigeria reported that imposition, choice, self-control and danger were the common motivations for abstaining from sex until marriage Izugbara, Similarly, diverse interpretations of virginity loss have been examined in the literature.

In a landmark in-depth case study of young adults in the United States, Carpenter identified three cognitive frameworks for interpreting virginity loss encompassing gift, stigma, and process.

Virgin first time posting

While these studies offer some insights into the interpretations of virginity, they do not deeply explore the meaning making of virginity nor provide a clear perspective of the socially implied marital benefits of saving sex for marriage. A small body of knowledge has quantitatively examined the relationship between premarital sexual experience and subsequent marital dissolution among women, men, and couples. In the United States, Teachman observed that multiple intimate premarital sexual relationships were associated with an increased risk of marital dissolution. However, as with the study, multiple premarital sexual partners were associated with a lower likelihood of marital satisfaction Virgin first time posting men in the same sample.

While these studies are both in developed countries and suggest that premarital sexual activity may be associated with marital satisfaction, they do not offer a clear picture of the pathways through which virginity or its loss may contribute to marriage satisfaction. Despite the limitations of studies, several common themes emerge from the literature that provides context for the current study.

Chief among these is that the conceptualization of virginity or its interpretation can shape how individuals respond to its loss and the marital experiences of non-virgins. In line with the gift framework proposed by Capenternot Virgin first time posting a virgin at the consummation of a marriage may be a problem in communities where virginity is treasured.

As Carpenter notes, interpreting virginity loss as a gift is a double-edged sword that can protect against unintended pregnancy or sexually transmittable infections on the one hand but also reinforce adverse consequences for women who are unable to offer the gift to their partner. There is a limited of sexuality, virginity and its implications for marriage in Africa.

In the Republic of Congo, young adults perceive girls who marry as virgins as trustworthy individuals and that virginity serves as a basis for a successful marriage Mulumeoderhwa, Accordingly, male partners reciprocate virginity by respecting and trusting their virgin wives Mulumeoderhwa, These rhetoric interpretations of saving sex for marriage are rooted in hegemonic masculinities further perpetuated through local and national gender and cultural norms, religious beliefs, media, peer, family, and societal expectations Blinn-Pike et al.

More importantly, Bhana argues that virginity could be explored from a cultural currency lens. Men who cannot harness the social prestige associated with marrying a virgin may punish their partner for not being a virgin until marriage Mulumeoderhwa, In Iran, failure to provide evidence of virginity on the wedding night has been linked to neglect in marriage and infidelity Kaivanara, Taken together, findings from the current body of literature suggest that women who marry as non-virgin may be paying heavily for not being a virgin, especially in societies where it is highly treasured.

However, due to the scant research and a lack of conceptual clarity, little is known about the variety of social benefits linked with saving sex for marriage, particularly in African countries. Nonetheless, understanding how young people conceptualize this issue is critical to alleviating the unintended adverse consequences of sexuality education that solely emphasize sexual chastity until marriage.

Inspired by recent scholarship on the topic, the present study seeks to shed light and extend the literature on virginity and its socially constructed benefit for marriage. We concentrate on two key questions: How do young Africans conceptualize virginity loss, and what are the socially implied benefits of saving sex for marriage for women and men?

Virgin first time posting

First, relatively little research has explored the subjective meanings of virginity loss and its implications for marital satisfaction in African countries. The preponderance of literature on sexuality and virginity has focused on its embodiments and meanings. To the best of our knowledge, this study is one of the first to directly investigate how young African adults crystalize virginity and its perceived benefits for marriage.

An awareness of the representations of sexual abstinence in an online environment not monitored or moderated by sexual health experts or researchers would not only disrupt current societal-driven portrayals of sexual abstinence until marriage but also help in addressing adverse cultural consequences of not marrying as a virgin and enrich sexuality education efforts targeting young people. Furthermore, the focus of this research on sexual abstinence until marriage and its perceived benefits for marriage expand current understandings Virgin first time posting how deeply rooted socio-cultural beliefs might negatively affect the health of men, women, and families.

Studying the stereotypical attitudes of young people to sexual health information can also create a better understanding of how sexual health interventions could pose adverse unintended risks and reinforce existing gender norms if the cultural contexts of such interventions are not taken into consideration Adato et al. Religious rules also guide life conduct within social groups, and it is often organised and widely practised in communities. The data were drawn from a public peer-led Facebook group for sexual health promotion among young African adults.

Data from a Facebook group was used because Facebook is the most popular and frequently used social media platform by many people of various ages worldwide, including Africa Brusse et al. The public Facebook group was created in by an individual and comprised of young adults aged 15 years and above who mostly reside in Africa. According to data from Facebook insights see Table 1there wereparticipants in the group at the time of this study. Similarly, all participants in the group were free to post messages and comments in the group allowing a diverse perspective from all participants.

A total of peer-generated sexuality messages shared on the group between June 1,and May 31,were retrieved using a data scraping application installed directly on the group with administrative rights. Consent to retrieve and analyse the data was obtained from the group creator.

This paper presents only a sample of public wall posts with comments herein referred to as data extract related exclusively to sexuality, dating, and marriage. A snapshot of the data extract, retrieved and analysed in this study, is presented in Fig. All wall posts and comments were in English. This arguably provides a unique insight into the problem without the influence of the researcher. This way, the wall posts and comments generated from the group might be akin to data produced via a loosely structured focus group in which participants are given the scope to Virgin first time posting topics of importance to themselves in response to an initial topic posed by the researcher.

For example, gender differences in the interpretations of virginity loss have been reported in studies wherein women were more likely to interpret virginity as a gift while men were more likely to view it as a stigma Carpenter, Nevertheless, the analysis of the wall posts and comments still provided some nuanced gendered perspective in how virginity is interpreted as well as how it may be beneficial for a marriage.

All the wall posts and comments retrieved from the group were first stored in Microsoft Excel and subsequently analysed in Atlas.

Virgin first time posting

This analytical approach is widely used in qualitative research to identify, analyze and report patterns themes within a large qualitative dataset, including social media data. An inductive coding approach was used to identify emergent themes and commonalities in how posts and comments on the group conceptualize virginity and its perceived benefits for a marriage. To enhance the analysis and reporting of the study findings, we followed the six steps of credible thematic analysis outlined by Braun and Clarke and Nowell et al.

Virgin first time posting

The analysis of the data extract began with an initial familiarisation with the data that involves reading and re-reading the texts in the datasets to become deeply familiar with the texts. During this phase, we also documented reflective thoughts and ideas about the coding topic that we referred to in the subsequent phases Sandelowski, During this phase, four main themes and multiple subthemes were generated, including those that were marginally relevant for the study as they play a ificant role in enriching the study King, ; Nowell et al.

The coded data extracts for each candidate theme were reviewed accordingly to ensure an articulate discourse pattern. This involved deleting code that substantially overlaps with other codes. The final phases of the analysis involved the defining and naming of themes. Consideration was given to how each of the themes fits into the overal story about the textual data and the overaching aim of the study.

Virgin first time posting

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