American Joliet Illinois looking for that one

Added: Wes Mohammed - Date: 02.12.2021 15:28 - Views: 38756 - Clicks: 1656

One can scarcely understand [the Illinois language], although it is somewhat like the Algonquin; still I hope, by the Grace of God, to understand and be understood, if God in his goodness lead[s] me to that Country. Jacques Marquette, Jacques Marquette's opportunity to visit the Illinois finally arose inwhen he accompanied Louis Jolliet, a young Canadian fur trader, on an expedition to explore the Mississippi River. Marquette and Jolliet set out from the Mackinac Straits in May,with five boatmen in two birchbark canoes.

On their trip down the Mississippi they saw beautiful islands, prairies, and forests inhabited by deer, bison, wildcats, and turkeys.

American Joliet Illinois looking for that one

The river itself contained geese, swans, sturgeons, and "monstrous" fish. However, for eight days they saw no traces of people. Then, on June 25 ththey found human footprints on shore and a path that led across a prairie. Following the path, they discovered three Indian villages located near the Des Moines River in what is today northeast Missouri.

Four men slowly approached them from one of the villages.

American Joliet Illinois looking for that one

Two carried large smoking pipes, called calumetswhich were finely ornamented and adorned with feathers. They replied that they were Ilinois; and, as a token of peace, they offered us their pipes to smoke. The explorers held council with the "great Captain" or chief of the Illinois, where they smoked the chief's calumet, exchanged gifts, made speeches, and feasted on servings of corn, fish, and bison.

The chief's village consisted of lodges and was called "pe8area" or "peouarea" Peoria. After departing the Peoria village, Marquette and Jolliet proceeded down the Mississippi to the mouth of the Arkansas River before they reversed their course and returned to the Great Lakes via the Illinois River. They learned of two more Illinois villages on this part of the voyage: a Michigamea village that they heard about, but did not visit, in northeastern Arkansas, and a Kaskaskia village that they visited while ascending the Illinois River in north-central Illinois.

They received us very well. The 74 cabins Marquette counted in this village, which became known as the "Grand Village of the Kaskaskia," may have represented a total population of about 1, people. Before leaving the village he promised to return and provide religious instruction to the tribe.

Although his health was failing at the time, Marquette did return in the spring of In anticipation, the village had swelled to perhaps five times its original size to include a of different Illinois tribes. Marquette spoke to a council of more than 1, chiefs, elders, and young men, who formed a great circle around him on a "beautiful prairie" adorned with reed mats and bearskins.

Marquette died soon after establishing his mission at the Kaskaskia village, but his death did not end the French connection with the Illinois Indians. Rather, a long succession of priests and fur traders trickled into the Illinois Country. The priests wished to convert the Illinois to Christianity.

American Joliet Illinois looking for that one

The traders wanted to build a profitable commercial empire based on bison hides, beaver pelts, and other natural resources of the vast Mississippi River valley. For example, Father Claude Allouez took charge of Marquette's mission in the late s. Thom,

American Joliet Illinois looking for that one

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